Conspirator -Lenin in Exile
Conspirator Lenin in Exile



Conspirator is the compelling story of how Lenin endured seventeen long and often difficult years in exile, living a hand-to-mouth existence, working towards the upheaval that in 1917 transformed the political landscape of Europe: the Russian Revolution. 

Always on the move, he lived at various times in Paris, London, Geneva, Zurich, Munich, as well as the backwaters of rural Poland and Finland. 

On a wider level, this book charts the life in exile of various European enclaves of Lenin’s colleagues in the Russian revolutionary movement  – their hopes, their dreams, their quarrels, their extraordinary, rootless existence and the many risks they took in trying to smuggle illegal literature into Russia and spread their message.  


UK: Hutchinson, 3 September 2009

US: Basic Books, 3 April 2010



For a review by online culture magazine Beat:: 

For a review by The Common Reader blog see:


‘Lenin died from Syphilis’ -for the Mail Online article discussing Helen Rappaport’s new theory, see:

For an extended review article see the Culture Wars website:


See my Top Ten Books on Lenin at Guardian Unlimited:

For my opinion on the etching of ‘Hitler playing Chess with Lenin’ that has come up at auction, see:

On Lenin in London see:

II have just read what is probably the best biography of Lenin  and indeed one of the best biographies of anyone that I have read. This is Helen Rappaport’s Conspirator: Lenin in Exile. The many other Lenin biographies are either hagiographies or cold war anti-communist rants. Helen Rappaport treats Lenin like a human being…

The Indian Express

I am grateful to the Lenin Museum in Tampere, Finland-

 the only surviving museum dedicated to Lenin in the world -

for their support in this project

Lenin Museum, Tampere

For a Scott Pack Q&A with Helen on Conspirator go to:


For Scott’s review of Conspirator

go to:

Recently posted:

Helen’s Blackwells Podcast

on Conspirator:

Lenin in Stockholm, 1917


For a Russian-language article see BBC Russian Service

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